Another examination set on level 3 with our student’s answers, good enough to pass the exam. This time we provide four topics. A pdf version of tasks is available below the article.
English examination set #L3/W/015
Time: 80 minutes
Write a minimum of 120 words on one of the topics below.
(In the examination candidates are to write either a letter or a memorandum – never both)
- Letter / email
While surfing on the Internet, you noticed some sensitive information concerning the Polish troops stationed in Afghanistan. Write an email to Google 1) asking to remove this site from their search engine, 2) writing what information it is, 3) explaining why it is important to remove it.
In the area where your unit is located, there was an abortive terrorist attack. You have just returned from a meeting in the Eurocorps headquarters, where this incident was discussed. Write a memo to your CO informing him about the details discussed during the meeting: 1) the exact description of the incident; 2) possible reasons; 3) measures to avoid such situations in the future.
Write a minimum of 200 words on one of the topics below.
- Write a report for a NATO commission about juvenile delinquency in Poland. Include the points below:
- the most common crimes among the youth
- punishments and methods of rehabilitation used so far
- what can be done to lower the rate of recidivism
- Write a report for a NATO commission about limiting privacy of individuals in Poland. Include the points below:
- information held by government institutions and employers
- ways of identifying people in public institutions and at work
- the use of CCTV in public places.
I am writing in order to complain about some search results I have found in your browser.
I am the senior spokesman of Polish Ministry of National Defence. Yesterday, when I was conducting standard press research via Google, I noticed some search results concerning Polish troops with completely uncorroborated information (links in enclosure). These results lead to sites of fake and non-existing news agencies. Coverage available on these websites inform the readers that the Polish army has committed a series of cruel rapes finished with manslaughter, during our involvement in Afghanistan. None of these incidents with Polish troops have ever taken place.
Polish MOD asks you to remove the mentioned results from your search engine. They blemish our soldiers, who serve with the greatest commitment. Furthermore, the fake websites were probably created by ISIS related entities, so they can promote terrorism, fundamentalism, and radicalization. That is why we insist on taking appropriate steps as soon as possible.
Subject: Conclusions from the meeting at Eurocorps HQ
- According to our partners from Eurocorps HQ, the recent attack was conducted by two Pakistani men who deceived our gate sentry with fake ID cards. After that they trespassed to operation centre building and they climbed it with climbing gear. Finally, after they had reached the top floor, they committed suicide bombing with home-made explosive belts.
- First of all, the incident would have not taken place if we had introduced additional form of authenticating visitors. Furthermore, Eurocorps believes that our sentry was not trained sufficiently.
- It is highly anticipated to introduce three precautionary measures to avoid similar incidents in the future. Firstly, fingerprint verification at the entrance should be implemented to sort out individuals from a red watch list. Secondly, we should install bars on windows. Last, but not least, series of comprehensive trainings for our security personnel is needed.
The intention of this report is to discuss the problem of juvenile delinquency in Poland. The report shows types of crimes, popular among the youth. It also gives the list of available punishments and author’s recommendations how to lower the rate of recidivism. The report is based on reliable sources, such as official, governmental statistics, surveys, and police reports.
According to the police statistics, the most common type of crime which is being committed by the Polish youth, is theft (a term ”the youth” used in the following report stands for people between 16 and 22 years old). There have been 3096 such incidents in recent years. The second most popular violation, by number of incidents revealed, was robbery. 2031 instances of this crime were registered in 2016. The third most common crime was raping, with number of 851 incidents observed.
Punishments and rehabilitation
At present, the most popular form of penalty employed in Polish justice system is a fine. Imposed charges vary from $ 200 to $ 500,000 and depends on kind of misbehaviour. However, perpetrators of more severe crimes are usually punished with jail sentence.
The young offenders prefer to pay back their debts with additional work for the society. It is also the most appreciated method of rehabilitation by the local communities for being costs-free and generating added value.
In order to decrease the rate of recidivism, young criminals should be compelled to do some charity work, like caring elder people or sweeping streets. Community works could help the perpetrators to regain the face and trust of the others. It is also crucial to analyse other circumstances which could force young person to commit a crime. These circumstances are e.g. poverty, family problems, lack of friends and so forth. To solve it, help of psychologists and social workers may be indispensable.
The following report tries to describe the problem of privacy in Poland. It presents current state of affairs and the ways of identifying people in public. It also gives information about CCTV usage in Poland. The report is based on the Internet sources, such as official websites of Main Bureau of Statistics, the Police Headquarters, and Polish Press Agency.
Information being gathered
Nowadays, in order to be employed, a statistical Pole needs to pass some minimum set of data to an employer. These data are: name and surname, date and place of birth, parents’ names, personal identification number (PESEL), and ID card number. However, some employers, especially big companies, force their workers to reveal some extra information, e.g. about financial situation, owned properties, age of children, etc. Fortunately, the Polish law imposes substantial penalties for those employers who do not register sets of additional data in appropriate government-held entity.
The vast majority of Polish firms do not use any means to identify its workers. Nevertheless, bigger companies have implemented a system of personal ID cards with the unique tag. We should bear in mind that these cards usually do not comprise any specific personal information, e.g. biometrical one. For this reason, data associated with the card holder are relatively safe, even when the card is lost.
The situation is quite different in public institutions, where a person is usually verified by one’s own signature and additional document, like passport or ID.
In recent years, the number of CCTV cameras employed in Polish cities has grown astoundingly. The exact amount of cameras in our country is not known, but there were 151 814 such devices in Warsaw in 2016. These cameras are mainly maintained by the Police.
Year by year, eavesdropping on citizens becomes easier for the Polish government. On the other hand, we should not be worried. Gathering personal data of any person by law enforcement agencies must be preceded by a prosecutor’s eavesdrop order justified by serious suspicions. Finally, limiting privacy might be disturbing for us, nevertheless, it substantially helps the Police to reveal most severe crimes.
Remark: Even though it is a common practice in English to start each word in headings with capital letters, we do not consider that as obligatory. However, we encourage you do so to make your writing super-correct.